Converting between Sine Amplitude and PSD
If you are doing sine-on-random mixed mode testing, it is often useful to be able to convert between PSD and sine amplitude and vice versa.
The following simple formulae can be used:
To convert sine peak to PSD
and to convert PSD to sine peak
|= sine wave peak amplitude
|= sine wave measured PSD
|= frequency resolution of the FFT in Hz
As an example consider you are generating a 2.5 g sine tone and want to check its amplitude on a measurement channel that is displaying a PSD result. The frequency range for the random is set to 3200 Hz with 800 line resolution, hence the frequency resolution is
The expected PSD amplitude for a 2.5 g sine tone would be
To reduce errors in signal processing and thus increase accuracy, we recommend applying an RMS method as implemented in our m+p VibControl software.